The varieties of grass are quite abundant, but there are basically two types that you must decide to plant, and they are cool season type grass and warm season type grass. Depending on your location you would choose one or the other, but there is part of the country that can grow grass from either season and that is called transitional zone. All grasses cannot grow well in certain locations, so please do your research before planting. Here is a list of the many types of grass explained in detail. Let this be your guide in understanding grass.
Cool season grass
These grasses have a period of going dormant to endure drought. They do well in climates of cold winters and hot summers with rain in between. These grasses include: Perennial Rye grass, Annual Rye grass, Red Fescue, Bent grass, Kentucky Blue grass, and Red Bluegrass.
Warm season grass
Growing up in the south, this was the kind of grass I was accustomed to. Most of these grasses will turn brown when the cool weather begins, so some people will add ryegrass to their lawn in the fall to keep the green color. This is called winter over seeding. These grasses include: Centipede, Bahia, Zoysia grass, Bermuda grass, Buffalo grass, Carpet grass, and St. Augustine grass.
Transition Zone grass
This zone is located in the lower parts of Virginia and North Carolina, the western parts of West Virginia, Kentucky, Tennessee and Arkansas, as well as Ohio, Indiana Kansas, Illinois and Missouri. In these areas the cool season grasses and the warm season grasses will not prosper very well, so the transition grass is needed, although, a few of the cool season grasses will do well in some of these states. The transition grasses include: Tall Fescue, Thermal Blue, Kentucky Blue grass, Perennial Ryegrass, and Zoysia grass.
Keep in mind that most grasses have gone through a process to enable it to adapt with selective breeding and cross-breeding, which is what we have to work with for our yards. As most plants do, they adapt to whatever environment they are in. Do your research and find out what type of seasonal grass that will do well in your region. There is so much to understand and prepare for when planting grass. Some grow better if laid out in long slabs of grass patches, and some will do well just from the seeds. Make sure that your soil is very fertile and well maintained, with just the right amount of moisture. Do your best to never over water because it could damage your lawn and rot your rots. Keep an eye out for pests and deal with them accordingly. Enjoy mowing your beautiful lawn and being the envy of the neighborhood.